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Get fresh Etsy trends, unique gift ideas, and special promotions delivered straight to your inbox. Weiter können sie depressive, "seelenverlorene" Zustände symbolisieren. Im Allgemeinen sind Zombies dem Schatten- und Dunkelreich zugehörig, unmenschlich, verloren, feindlich und nicht mehr in die Gemeinschaft zu integrieren, obwohl sie einmal Menschen waren. In Horrorfilmen und -geschichten ist diese Zombie-Variante manchmal aufgegriffen in somnambulen oder hypnotisierten, willenlos gesteuerten Menschen, wie etwa in "Das Kabinett des Dr. Biohazard t shirt geeky virus toxin toxic symbol tshirt science unisex tee shirt geekery for men women kids ladies zombie dead top UnicornTees 5 out of 5 stars Disappointed Not a fan It's okay Like it Love it.

The psychosis induced by the drug and psychological trauma was hypothesised by Davis to reinforce culturally learned beliefs and to cause the individual to reconstruct their identity as that of a zombie, since they "knew" they were dead, and had no other role to play in the Haitian society.

Societal reinforcement of the belief was hypothesized by Davis to confirm for the zombie individual the zombie state, and such individuals were known to hang around in graveyards, exhibiting attitudes of low affect.

Laing highlighted the link between social and cultural expectations and compulsion, in the context of schizophrenia and other mental illness, suggesting that schizogenesis may account for some of the psychological aspects of zombification.

Roland Littlewood , professor of anthropology and psychiatry, published a study supporting a social explanation of the zombie phenomenon in the medical journal The Lancet in I came to the conclusion that although it is unlikely that there is a single explanation for all cases where zombies are recognised by locals in Haiti, the mistaken identification of a wandering mentally ill stranger by bereaved relatives is the most likely explanation in many cases.

People with a chronic schizophrenic illness, brain damage or learning disability are not uncommon in rural Haiti, and they would be particularly likely to be identified as zombies.

Pulliam and Fonseca and Walz trace the zombie lineage back to ancient Mesopotamia. If you do not open the gate for me to come in, I shall smash the door and shatter the bolt, I shall smash the doorpost and overturn the doors, I shall raise up the dead and they shall eat the living: And the dead shall outnumber the living!

She repeats this same threat in a slightly modified form in the Epic of Gilgamesh. Frankenstein by Mary Shelley , while not a zombie novel in particular, prefigures many 20th-century ideas about zombies in that the resurrection of the dead is portrayed as a scientific process rather than a mystical one, and that the resurrected dead are degraded and more violent than their living selves.

Frankenstein , published in , has its roots in European folklore, [44] whose tales of vengeful dead also informed the evolution of the modern conception of the vampire.

Though their works could not be properly considered zombie fiction, the supernatural tales of Bierce and Poe would prove influential on later writers such as H.

In the s and early s, the American horror author H. Lovecraft wrote several novellae that explored the undead theme. Notably, the resurrected dead are uncontrollable, mostly mute, primitive and extremely violent; though they are not referred to as zombies, their portrayal was prescient, anticipating the modern conception of zombies by several decades.

Romero would later claim as an influence. Films featuring zombies have been a part of cinema since the s, with White Zombie directed by Victor Halperin in being one of the earliest examples.

Voodoo-related zombie themes have also appeared in espionage or adventure themed works outside the horror genre.

For example, the original " Jonny Quest " series and the James Bond novel and movie Live and Let Die both feature Caribbean villains who falsely claim the voodoo power of zombification in order to keep others in fear of them.

The modern conception of the zombie owes itself almost entirely to George A. Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times chided theater owners and parents who allowed children access to the film.

There was almost complete silence. The movie had stopped being delightfully scary about halfway through, and had become unexpectedly terrifying.

There was a little girl across the aisle from me, maybe nine years old, who was sitting very still in her seat and crying. Its first sequel, Dawn of the Dead , was released in The film Hell of the Living Dead referenced a mutagenic gas as a source of zombie contagion: Return of the Living Dead featured zombies that hungered specifically for brains.

The mids produced few zombie films of note. Perhaps the most notable entry, The Evil Dead series, while highly influential are not technically zombie films but films about demonic possession , despite the presence of the undead.

After the mids, the subgenre was mostly relegated to the underground. Several years later, zombies experienced a renaissance in low-budget Asian cinema, with a sudden spate of dissimilar entries including Bio Zombie , Wild Zero , Junk , Versus and Stacy There are not many Japanese films related to what may be considered in the West as a zombie film.

The turn of the millennium coincided with a decade of box-office successes in which the zombie subgenre experienced a resurgence: The new interest allowed Romero to create the fourth entry in his zombie series: Land of the Dead , released in the summer of Romero returned to the series with the films Diary of the Dead and Survival of the Dead In , the AMC series The Walking Dead had the highest audience ratings in the United States for any show on broadcast or cable with an average of 5.

Intimately tied to the concept of the modern zombie is the "zombie apocalypse"; the breakdown of society as a result of an initial zombie outbreak that spreads.

This archetype has emerged as a prolific subgenre of apocalyptic fiction and has been portrayed in many zombie-related media after Night of the Living Dead.

Victims of zombies may become zombies themselves. This causes the outbreak to become an exponentially growing crisis: Possible causes for zombie behavior in a modern population can be attributed to viruses, bacteria or other phenomena that reduce the mental capacity of humans causing them to behave in a very primitive and destructive fashion.

The narrative of a zombie apocalypse carries strong connections to the turbulent social landscape of the United States in the s, when Night of the Living Dead provided an indirect commentary on the dangers of conformity, a theme also explored in the novel The Body Snatchers and associated film Invasion of the Body Snatchers Due to a large number of thematic films and video games, the idea of a zombie apocalypse has entered the mainstream, and many fans have begun making efforts to prepare for the hypothetical future zombie apocalypse.

Such efforts include creating weapons and selling educational material informing people how to survive a zombie outbreak; while most of these are tongue-in-cheek and do not represent an authentic belief that a zombie apocalypse in the near future is likely, [74] [75] the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC have used the fictional scenario to demonstrate survival and emergency-preparedness techniques that may be useful in a "real-world" setting.

The stories usually follow a single group of survivors, caught up in the sudden rush of the crisis. Such stories are often squarely focused on the way their characters react to such an extreme catastrophe, and how their personalities are changed by the stress, often acting on more primal motivations fear, self-preservation than they would display in normal life.

In second place was Living Corpse and in third, Biomega , which he called "the greatest science-fiction virus zombie manga ever".

Artist Jillian McDonald has made several works of video art involving zombies, and exhibited them in her show, "Horror Make-Up," which debuted on 8 September at Art Moving Projects, a gallery in Williamsburg, Brooklyn.

Artist Karim Charredib has dedicated his work to the zombie figure. In , he made a video installation at villa Savoye called "Them!!!

Zombies are a popular theme for video games, particularly of, but not limited to, the stealth , survival horror , first-person shooter and role-playing game genres.

Zombies , a humorous tower defense game, was an indie hit in , featuring in several best-of lists at the end of that year.

The massively multiplayer online role-playing game Urban Dead , a free grid-based browser game where zombies and survivors fight for control of a ruined city, is one of the most popular games of its type.

DayZ , a zombie-based survival horror mod for ArmA 2 , was responsible for over , unit sales of its parent game within two months of its release.

Romero would later opine that he believes that much of the 21st century obsessions with Zombies can be traced more towards video games than films, Noting that it was not until the film Zombieland that a Zombie film was able to grose more the million.

Outside of video games, zombies frequently appear in trading card games , such as Magic: The Gathering or Yu-Gi-Oh! The game Humans vs.

Zombies is a zombie-themed live-action game played on college campuses. Zombie Apocalypse providing tips to survive a zombie invasion as a "fun new way of teaching the importance of emergency preparedness".

It uses these to underscore the value of laying in water, food, medical supplies, and other necessities in preparation for any and all potential disasters , be they hurricanes, earthquakes, tornadoes, floods, or hordes of zombies.

Do they run faster in warmer temperatures? Do they freeze if it gets too cold? The Brooklyn hip hop trio Flatbush Zombies incorporate many tropes from zombie fiction and play on the theme of a zombie apocalypse in their music.

They portray themselves as "living dead", describing their use of psychedelics such as LSD and psilocybin mushrooms as having caused them to experience ego death and rebirth.

In the s, zombie fiction emerged as a distinct literary subgenre, with the publication of Book of the Dead and its follow-up Still Dead: Featuring Romero-inspired stories from the likes of Stephen King , the Book of the Dead compilations are regarded as influential in the horror genre and perhaps the first true "zombie literature".

Horror novelist Stephen King has written about zombies including his short story " Home Delivery " and his novel Cell concerning a struggling young artist on a trek from Boston to Maine in hopes of saving his family from a possible worldwide outbreak of zombie-like maniacs.

Zombies are slate wipers. The living dead are here to stay. The zombie also appears as a metaphor in protest songs, symbolizing mindless adherence to authority, particularly in law enforcement and the armed forces.

Organized zombie walks have been staged, either as performance art or as part of protests that parody political extremism or apathy.

A variation of the zombie walk is the zombie run. Here participants do a 5k run wearing a belt with several flag "lives".

If the chasing zombies capture all of the flags the runner becomes "infected". If he or she reaches the finish line—which may involve wide detours—ahead of the zombies the participant is a "survivor".

In either case an appropriate participation medal is awarded. Researchers have used theoretical zombie infections to test epidemiology modeling.

One study found that all humans end up turned or dead. This is because the main epidemiological risk of zombies, besides the difficulties of neutralizing them, is that their population just keeps increasing; generations of humans merely "surviving" still have a tendency to feed zombie populations, resulting in gross outnumbering.

The researchers explain that their methods of modelling may be applicable to the spread of political views or diseases with dormant infection.

Their work has been featured in Forbes , New York Magazine , and other publications. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

For other uses, see Zombie disambiguation. List of zombie video games and Survival horror. List of zombie novels. Zombie walk and Zombie Squad.

Legacy of the Living Dead". The Evolution of the Zombie as Post-Human. The quotation cited is: Check date values in: Retrieved 2 October Romero Dawn of the Dead Working draft Horrorlair.

The Visual Art of Magic in Haiti. The New York Times. Retrieved 31 October Retrieved 2 February Of Cannibals and Kings: Primal Anthropology in the Americas.

Retrieved 12 March Dust Tracks on a Road. University of Illinois Press, , p. Race, Oppression and the Zombie: Cultural Power, Resistance, and Pluralism: University of California Press.

Haiti, History, and the Gods. Discourse, Accusations and Subjective Reality". The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute.

Retrieved 9 March BoD — Books on Demand. Retrieved 28 March World Cultural Psychiatry Research Review. Archived from the original PDF on 6 February Encyclopedia of the Zombie: Retrieved 10 May Creation, the Flood, Gilgamesh, and Others.

Archived from the original on 20 June Retrieved 5 November Lovecraft in the Comics". Archived from the original on 12 September Reappraising an Undead Classic.

Yuk symbol is also used to denote poison. The international radiation symbol also known as the trefoil first appeared in , at the University of California, Berkeley Radiation Laboratory.

The original version used in America is magenta against a yellow background, and it is drawn with a central circle of radius R , an internal radius of 1.

The trefoil is black in the international version, which is also used in America. The sign is commonly referred to as a radioactivity warning sign, but it is actually a warning sign of ionizing radiation.

Ionizing radiation is a much broader category than radioactivity alone, as many non-radioactive sources also emit potentially dangerous levels of ionizing radiation.

This includes x-ray apparatus, radiotherapy linear accelerators, and particle accelerators. Non-ionizing radiation can also reach potentially dangerous levels, but this warning sign is different from the trefoil ionizing radiation warning symbol.

The new symbol, to be used on sealed radiation sources, is aimed at alerting anyone, anywhere to the danger of being close to a strong source of ionizing radiation.

The radiating trefoil suggests the presence of radiation, while the red background and the skull and crossbones warn of the danger.

The figure running away from the scene is meant to suggest taking action to avoid the labeled material.

The new symbol is not intended to be generally visible, but rather to appear on internal components of devices that house radiation sources so that if anybody attempts to disassemble such devices they will see an explicit warning not to proceed any further.

The biohazard symbol is used in the labeling of biological materials that carry a significant health risk biohazards , including viral samples and used hypodermic needles see sharps waste.

The biohazard symbol was developed by the Dow Chemical Company in for their containment products. According to Charles Baldwin, [9] an environmental-health engineer who contributed to its development: The article explained that over 40 symbols were drawn up by Dow artists, and all of the symbols investigated had to meet a number of criteria: All parts of the biohazard sign can be drawn with a compass and straightedge.

The basic outline of the symbol is a plain trefoil , which is three circles overlapping each other equally like in a triple Venn diagram with the overlapping parts erased.

The diameter of the overlapping part is equal to half the radius of the three circles. The arcs of the inner circles and the tiny circle are connected by a line.

Finally, the ring under is drawn from the distance to the perimeter of the equilateral triangle that forms between the centers of the three intersecting circles.

An outer circle of the ring under is drawn and finally enclosed with the arcs from the center of the inner circles with a shorter radius from the inner circles.

A chemical hazard symbol is a pictogram applied to containers of dangerous chemical compounds to indicate the specific hazard, and thus the required precautions.

There are several systems of labels, depending on the purpose, such as on the container for end use, or on a vehicle during transportation. Several European countries have started to implement these new global standards, but older warning symbols are still used in many parts of the world.

ADR European hazard sign, meaning "highly flammable" 33 —" gasoline " The red section denotes flammability. The blue section denotes health risks.

Yellow represents reactivity tendency to explode. The white section denotes special hazard information. One example of a special hazard would be the capital letter W crossed out pictured left , indicating it is water reactant.

Some warning symbols have been redesigned to be more comprehensible to children, such as the Mr. Ouch depicting an electricity danger as a snarling, spiky creature and Mr.

Yuk a green frowny face sticking its tongue out, to represent poison designs in the United States.

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The Haitian tradition also includes an incorporeal type of zombie, the "zombie astral ", which is a part of the human soul.

A bokor can capture a zombie astral to enhance his spiritual power. A zombie astral can also be sealed inside a specially decorated bottle by a bokor and sold to a client to bring luck, healing, or business success.

It has been suggested [ who? Each type of legendary zombie is therefore missing one half of its soul the flesh or the spirit. The zombie belief has its roots in traditions brought to Haiti by enslaved Africans, and their subsequent experiences in the New World.

It was thought that the voodoo deity Baron Samedi would gather them from their grave to bring them to a heavenly afterlife in Africa " Guinea " , unless they had offended him in some way, in which case they would be forever a slave after death, as a zombie.

A zombie could also be saved by feeding them salt. English professor Amy Wilentz has written that the modern concept of Zombies was strongly influenced by Haitian slavery.

Slave drivers on the plantations, who were usually slaves themselves and sometimes Voodoo priests, used the fear of zombification to discourage slaves from committing suicide.

The Haitian zombie phenomenon first attracted widespread international attention during the United States occupation of Haiti — , when a number of case histories of purported "zombies" began to emerge.

Seabrooke cited Article of the Haitian criminal code which was passed in , asserting that it was an official recognition of zombies.

This passage was later used in promotional materials for the film White Zombie. Also shall be qualified as attempted murder the employment which may be made by any person of substances which, without causing actual death, produce a lethargic coma more or less prolonged.

If, after the administering of such substances, the person has been buried, the act shall be considered murder no matter what result follows.

In , while researching folklore in Haiti, Zora Neale Hurston encountered the case of a woman who appeared in a village. A family claimed she was Felicia Felix-Mentor, a relative who had died and been buried in at the age of The woman was examined by a doctor; X-rays indicated that she did not have a leg fracture that Felix-Mentor was known to have had.

She wrote, "What is more, if science ever gets to the bottom of Vodou in Haiti and Africa, it will be found that some important medical secrets, still unknown to medical science, give it its power, rather than gestures of ceremony.

A Central or West African origin for the Haitian zombie has been postulated based on two etymologies in the Kongo language , nzambi "god" and zumbi " fetish ".

This root helps form the names of several deities, including the Kongo creator deity Nzambi a Mpungu and the Louisiana serpent deity Li Grand Zombi a local version of the Haitian Damballa , but it is in fact a generic word for a divine spirit.

A related, but also often incorporeal, undead being is the jumbee of the English-speaking Caribbean , considered to be of the same etymology; [25] in the French West Indies also, local "zombies" are recognized, but these are of a more general spirit nature.

In some communities, it is believed that a dead person can be zombified by a small child. These trains appeared ordinary, but were staffed by zombified workers controlled by a witch.

The trains would abduct a person boarding at night, and the person would then either be turned into a zombified worker, or beaten and thrown from the train a distance away from the original location.

The Ethnobiology of the Haitian Zombie Davis traveled to Haiti in and, as a result of his investigations, claimed that a living person can be turned into a zombie by two special powders being introduced into the blood stream usually via a wound.

The first, coup de poudre French: The second powder consists of deliriant drugs such as datura. Together, these powders were said to induce a deathlike state in which the will of the victim would be entirely subjected to that of the bokor.

Davis also popularized the story of Clairvius Narcisse , who was claimed to have succumbed to this practice. The psychosis induced by the drug and psychological trauma was hypothesised by Davis to reinforce culturally learned beliefs and to cause the individual to reconstruct their identity as that of a zombie, since they "knew" they were dead, and had no other role to play in the Haitian society.

Societal reinforcement of the belief was hypothesized by Davis to confirm for the zombie individual the zombie state, and such individuals were known to hang around in graveyards, exhibiting attitudes of low affect.

Laing highlighted the link between social and cultural expectations and compulsion, in the context of schizophrenia and other mental illness, suggesting that schizogenesis may account for some of the psychological aspects of zombification.

Roland Littlewood , professor of anthropology and psychiatry, published a study supporting a social explanation of the zombie phenomenon in the medical journal The Lancet in I came to the conclusion that although it is unlikely that there is a single explanation for all cases where zombies are recognised by locals in Haiti, the mistaken identification of a wandering mentally ill stranger by bereaved relatives is the most likely explanation in many cases.

People with a chronic schizophrenic illness, brain damage or learning disability are not uncommon in rural Haiti, and they would be particularly likely to be identified as zombies.

Pulliam and Fonseca and Walz trace the zombie lineage back to ancient Mesopotamia. If you do not open the gate for me to come in, I shall smash the door and shatter the bolt, I shall smash the doorpost and overturn the doors, I shall raise up the dead and they shall eat the living: And the dead shall outnumber the living!

She repeats this same threat in a slightly modified form in the Epic of Gilgamesh. Frankenstein by Mary Shelley , while not a zombie novel in particular, prefigures many 20th-century ideas about zombies in that the resurrection of the dead is portrayed as a scientific process rather than a mystical one, and that the resurrected dead are degraded and more violent than their living selves.

Frankenstein , published in , has its roots in European folklore, [44] whose tales of vengeful dead also informed the evolution of the modern conception of the vampire.

Though their works could not be properly considered zombie fiction, the supernatural tales of Bierce and Poe would prove influential on later writers such as H.

In the s and early s, the American horror author H. Lovecraft wrote several novellae that explored the undead theme.

Notably, the resurrected dead are uncontrollable, mostly mute, primitive and extremely violent; though they are not referred to as zombies, their portrayal was prescient, anticipating the modern conception of zombies by several decades.

Romero would later claim as an influence. Films featuring zombies have been a part of cinema since the s, with White Zombie directed by Victor Halperin in being one of the earliest examples.

Voodoo-related zombie themes have also appeared in espionage or adventure themed works outside the horror genre. For example, the original " Jonny Quest " series and the James Bond novel and movie Live and Let Die both feature Caribbean villains who falsely claim the voodoo power of zombification in order to keep others in fear of them.

The modern conception of the zombie owes itself almost entirely to George A. Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times chided theater owners and parents who allowed children access to the film.

There was almost complete silence. The movie had stopped being delightfully scary about halfway through, and had become unexpectedly terrifying.

There was a little girl across the aisle from me, maybe nine years old, who was sitting very still in her seat and crying.

Its first sequel, Dawn of the Dead , was released in The film Hell of the Living Dead referenced a mutagenic gas as a source of zombie contagion: Return of the Living Dead featured zombies that hungered specifically for brains.

The mids produced few zombie films of note. Perhaps the most notable entry, The Evil Dead series, while highly influential are not technically zombie films but films about demonic possession , despite the presence of the undead.

After the mids, the subgenre was mostly relegated to the underground. Several years later, zombies experienced a renaissance in low-budget Asian cinema, with a sudden spate of dissimilar entries including Bio Zombie , Wild Zero , Junk , Versus and Stacy There are not many Japanese films related to what may be considered in the West as a zombie film.

The turn of the millennium coincided with a decade of box-office successes in which the zombie subgenre experienced a resurgence: The new interest allowed Romero to create the fourth entry in his zombie series: Land of the Dead , released in the summer of Romero returned to the series with the films Diary of the Dead and Survival of the Dead In , the AMC series The Walking Dead had the highest audience ratings in the United States for any show on broadcast or cable with an average of 5.

Intimately tied to the concept of the modern zombie is the "zombie apocalypse"; the breakdown of society as a result of an initial zombie outbreak that spreads.

This archetype has emerged as a prolific subgenre of apocalyptic fiction and has been portrayed in many zombie-related media after Night of the Living Dead.

Victims of zombies may become zombies themselves. This causes the outbreak to become an exponentially growing crisis: Possible causes for zombie behavior in a modern population can be attributed to viruses, bacteria or other phenomena that reduce the mental capacity of humans causing them to behave in a very primitive and destructive fashion.

The narrative of a zombie apocalypse carries strong connections to the turbulent social landscape of the United States in the s, when Night of the Living Dead provided an indirect commentary on the dangers of conformity, a theme also explored in the novel The Body Snatchers and associated film Invasion of the Body Snatchers Due to a large number of thematic films and video games, the idea of a zombie apocalypse has entered the mainstream, and many fans have begun making efforts to prepare for the hypothetical future zombie apocalypse.

Such efforts include creating weapons and selling educational material informing people how to survive a zombie outbreak; while most of these are tongue-in-cheek and do not represent an authentic belief that a zombie apocalypse in the near future is likely, [74] [75] the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC have used the fictional scenario to demonstrate survival and emergency-preparedness techniques that may be useful in a "real-world" setting.

The stories usually follow a single group of survivors, caught up in the sudden rush of the crisis. Such stories are often squarely focused on the way their characters react to such an extreme catastrophe, and how their personalities are changed by the stress, often acting on more primal motivations fear, self-preservation than they would display in normal life.

In second place was Living Corpse and in third, Biomega , which he called "the greatest science-fiction virus zombie manga ever". Artist Jillian McDonald has made several works of video art involving zombies, and exhibited them in her show, "Horror Make-Up," which debuted on 8 September at Art Moving Projects, a gallery in Williamsburg, Brooklyn.

Artist Karim Charredib has dedicated his work to the zombie figure. In , he made a video installation at villa Savoye called "Them!!!

Zombies are a popular theme for video games, particularly of, but not limited to, the stealth , survival horror , first-person shooter and role-playing game genres.

Zombies , a humorous tower defense game, was an indie hit in , featuring in several best-of lists at the end of that year. The massively multiplayer online role-playing game Urban Dead , a free grid-based browser game where zombies and survivors fight for control of a ruined city, is one of the most popular games of its type.

DayZ , a zombie-based survival horror mod for ArmA 2 , was responsible for over , unit sales of its parent game within two months of its release.

Romero would later opine that he believes that much of the 21st century obsessions with Zombies can be traced more towards video games than films, Noting that it was not until the film Zombieland that a Zombie film was able to grose more the million.

Outside of video games, zombies frequently appear in trading card games , such as Magic: The Gathering or Yu-Gi-Oh! The game Humans vs.

Zombies is a zombie-themed live-action game played on college campuses. Zombie Apocalypse providing tips to survive a zombie invasion as a "fun new way of teaching the importance of emergency preparedness".

It uses these to underscore the value of laying in water, food, medical supplies, and other necessities in preparation for any and all potential disasters , be they hurricanes, earthquakes, tornadoes, floods, or hordes of zombies.

Do they run faster in warmer temperatures? Do they freeze if it gets too cold? The Brooklyn hip hop trio Flatbush Zombies incorporate many tropes from zombie fiction and play on the theme of a zombie apocalypse in their music.

They portray themselves as "living dead", describing their use of psychedelics such as LSD and psilocybin mushrooms as having caused them to experience ego death and rebirth.

In the s, zombie fiction emerged as a distinct literary subgenre, with the publication of Book of the Dead and its follow-up Still Dead: Featuring Romero-inspired stories from the likes of Stephen King , the Book of the Dead compilations are regarded as influential in the horror genre and perhaps the first true "zombie literature".

Horror novelist Stephen King has written about zombies including his short story " Home Delivery " and his novel Cell concerning a struggling young artist on a trek from Boston to Maine in hopes of saving his family from a possible worldwide outbreak of zombie-like maniacs.

Zombies are slate wipers. The living dead are here to stay. The zombie also appears as a metaphor in protest songs, symbolizing mindless adherence to authority, particularly in law enforcement and the armed forces.

Organized zombie walks have been staged, either as performance art or as part of protests that parody political extremism or apathy. A variation of the zombie walk is the zombie run.

Here participants do a 5k run wearing a belt with several flag "lives". If the chasing zombies capture all of the flags the runner becomes "infected".

If he or she reaches the finish line—which may involve wide detours—ahead of the zombies the participant is a "survivor". In either case an appropriate participation medal is awarded.

Researchers have used theoretical zombie infections to test epidemiology modeling. One study found that all humans end up turned or dead.

This is because the main epidemiological risk of zombies, besides the difficulties of neutralizing them, is that their population just keeps increasing; generations of humans merely "surviving" still have a tendency to feed zombie populations, resulting in gross outnumbering.

The researchers explain that their methods of modelling may be applicable to the spread of political views or diseases with dormant infection. Their work has been featured in Forbes , New York Magazine , and other publications.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Zombie disambiguation. List of zombie video games and Survival horror. List of zombie novels.

Zombie walk and Zombie Squad. Legacy of the Living Dead". The Evolution of the Zombie as Post-Human. The quotation cited is: The basic outline of the symbol is a plain trefoil , which is three circles overlapping each other equally like in a triple Venn diagram with the overlapping parts erased.

The diameter of the overlapping part is equal to half the radius of the three circles. The arcs of the inner circles and the tiny circle are connected by a line.

Finally, the ring under is drawn from the distance to the perimeter of the equilateral triangle that forms between the centers of the three intersecting circles.

An outer circle of the ring under is drawn and finally enclosed with the arcs from the center of the inner circles with a shorter radius from the inner circles.

A chemical hazard symbol is a pictogram applied to containers of dangerous chemical compounds to indicate the specific hazard, and thus the required precautions.

There are several systems of labels, depending on the purpose, such as on the container for end use, or on a vehicle during transportation.

Several European countries have started to implement these new global standards, but older warning symbols are still used in many parts of the world.

ADR European hazard sign, meaning "highly flammable" 33 —" gasoline " The red section denotes flammability. The blue section denotes health risks.

Yellow represents reactivity tendency to explode. The white section denotes special hazard information. One example of a special hazard would be the capital letter W crossed out pictured left , indicating it is water reactant.

Some warning symbols have been redesigned to be more comprehensible to children, such as the Mr. Ouch depicting an electricity danger as a snarling, spiky creature and Mr.

Yuk a green frowny face sticking its tongue out, to represent poison designs in the United States. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Redirected from Biohazard symbol. For other uses, see Near-death disambiguation. Skull and crossbones poison. This section duplicates the scope of other sections , specifically, Biological Hazard Symbol.

Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System. Toxic Substances Control Act. Archived from the original PDF on December 31, Retrieved 13 December ISO has not reviewed the accuracy or veracity of this information.

Archived from the original on Archived from the original PDF on March 24, Retrieved 29 August Archived from the original on July 16, History of poison Toxinology.

Aquatic toxicology Ecotoxicology Occupational toxicology Entomotoxicology Environmental toxicology Forensic toxicology Medical toxicology In vitro toxicology Toxicogenomics.

Biological warfare Carcinogen Food safety Hazard symbol List of extremely hazardous substances Mutagen Occupational safety and health.

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